. Patient-directed titration for achieving glycaemic goals using a once-daily basal insulin analogue: an assessment of two different fasting plasma glucose targets – the TITRATE study. Diabetes Obes Metab 2009;11:623–631
Joanne M. Gallivan, director of the National Diabetes Education Program at the National Institutes of Health, has this kitchen tip: “Garlic has been shown to have many healthful benefits, including lowering the risk for many cancers. But the way you treat it while preparing a dish can enhance its cancer-fighting properties. A recent study showed that letting garlic rest for about 10 minutes before it is used in cooking may enhance its cancer-fighting benefits. Chopping or crushing garlic helps to produce the active compounds that give it the distinct smell and healthful sulfide compounds. But heating it immediately after it is chopped inactivates the cancer-fighting properties.”
When the patient is first diagnosed with diabetes, the diabetes care team will spend a lot of time educating the patient, teaching them about their condition, treatment, and tools to care for themselves on a daily basis.
To hit your blood sugar level target, eat a variety of foods but monitor portions for foods with a high carbohydrate content, says Alison Massey, RD, CDE, the director of diabetes education at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore. “[Foods high in carbohydrates] have the most impact on blood sugar level. This is why some people with diabetes count their carbohydrates at meals and snacks,” she says.
Diabetes focus: The book includes how to talk with your doctor about choosing “weight-friendly” diabetes medications. It also emphasizes a protein-rich diet and strength-training exercises to keep and build muscle mass, which helps maintain good metabolism. “People with diabetes lose more muscle than other people when they restrict calories,” says Osama Hamdy, M.D., Ph.D., coauthor of the book and founder of Why WAIT. “Our program cuts the loss of muscle mass in about half of the typical amount in other plans.”
Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease and stroke by accelerating the development of clogged and hardened arteries. Foods containing the following can work against your goal of a heart-healthy diet.
Clinical trials with canagliflozin involving over 10,000 patients showed improvement in both fasting glucose and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels. Sixteen clinical trials with dapagliflozin involving over 9,400 participants showed improvement in HbA1c levels.
Type 2 diabetes and skin health: Conditions and treatment High blood sugar levels can cause a number of different skin conditions. In this article, learn about these conditions and how they might be prevented. Read now
Oral glucose tolerance test. For this test, you fast overnight, and the fasting blood sugar level is measured. Then you drink a sugary liquid, and blood sugar levels are tested periodically for the next two hours.
The fluctuating hormones associated with the menstrual cycle, childbearing, and menopause make it more difficult to maintain proper blood glucose levels. To keep your blood glucose at a healthy level, check your blood sugar several times a day the week before, during, and after your period. Do this for a few months, and then adjust your insulin dose as needed.
An international expert committee of the American Diabetes Association redefined the criteria for prediabetes, lowering the blood sugar level cut-off point for prediabetes. Approximately 20% more adults are now believed to have this condition and may develop diabetes within 10 years unless they change to healthier lifestyles, such as exercising more and maintaining a healthy weight.