Diabetes is one of the most commonly-diagnosed ailments in the world, with 30.3 million individuals—that’s 9.4 percent of the total American population—dealing with the disease in the United States alone. Scarier yet is that 7.2 million diabetics in the United States don’t even realize they have it.
The actual hormone known as insulin is created by the pancreas. The glucose through the food adopts all the tissues in the system. Within the cells, it might be converted into power and is utilized by various cells and internal organs so that they could all perform their own job.
Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, which prevent the starches in foods like pasta and potatoes from being turned into blood sugar, control the rise in blood sugar after a meal. You take them when you eat food. Some examples include acarbose and miglitol.
All types of diabetes are treatable. Diabetes type 1 lasts a lifetime, there is no known cure. Type 2 usually lasts a lifetime, however, some people have managed to get rid of their symptoms without medication, through a combination of exercise, diet and body weight control.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National diabetes fact sheet: national estimates and general information on diabetes and prediabetes in the United States, 2011. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011.
Jump up ^ de la Monte, SM (December 2014). “Type 3 diabetes is sporadic Alzheimer׳s disease: mini-review”. European neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology. 24 (12): 1954–60. doi:10.1016/j.euroneuro.2014.06.008. PMC 4444430 . PMID 25088942.
As the insulin in your blood is not working properly, or is not there at all, and your cells are not getting their energy, your body may react by trying to find more energy – food. You will become hungry.
An article in the journal Nutrition & Metabolism found that the compounds in guava leaf tea inhibit the absorption of certain types of sugar, so that the levels do not fire after meals. In one study, people drank guava tea after eating white rice. They had a much lower glucose increase than people who drank hot water.
The condition of diabetes causes the sugar content of the blood to rise above normal levels. This requires the patient’s kidneys to work harder than usual, so that the excess sugar can be removed successfully. This overtime work results in the formation of excess urine, causing the person to have frequent urges to urinate. Such a condition isn’t just distracting, it can also lead to kidney damage and eventually kidney failure in case no treatment is undertaken. Frequent urination can hence be a very significant warning of diabetes and should be reported to a physician if prolonged.
Type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile diabetes, is an autoimmune condition in which the body does not produce insulin because the body’s immune system attacks insulin-producing cells from the pancreas called beta cells.
Many infections are associated with diabetes. Infections are frequently more dangerous in someone with diabetes because the body’s normal ability to fight infections is impaired. To compound the problem, infections may worsen glucose control, which further delays recovery from infection.
A good number of diabetics, however, have the illness but don’t know it for at least five years before diagnosis. This is crucial because over time, the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas decline in function. Often, by the time a patient is diagnosed, a critical number of cells have stopped producing insulin entirely. There is no way to reverse this. If your diabetes is diagnosed early in the disease process, however, aggressive management may help you prevent further loss of function in those cells. This means maintaining your fasting glucose levels below 100 mg/dl and your after-meal (two hours after) levels below 140 mg/dl. This is the same for morning and evening glucose levels.
Kale (and spinach) contains two pigments, lutein and zeaxanthin, that are beneficial for eye health. According to Harvard’s School of Public Health, sunlight, cigarette smoke, air pollution, and infections can cause free radicals to form. These two pigments seem to snuff out free radicals before they can harm the eyes’ sensitive tissues. They also appear to be protective against cataracts.
Experts recommend that everyone, including people with diabetes, make at least half of grains consumed daily whole grains — so make sure some of the starches you choose to eat contain whole grains. Look for the Whole Grain Stamp on products to ensure you’re reaping the awards of whole grains, such as increasing fiber intake.
Use of a “Diabetes Coach” is becoming an increasingly popular way to manage diabetes. A Diabetes Coach is usually a Certified diabetes educator (CDE) who is trained to help people in all aspects of caring for their diabetes. The CDE can advise the patient on diet, medications, proper use of insulin injections and pumps, exercise, and other ways to manage diabetes while living a healthy and active lifestyle. CDEs can be found locally or by contacting a company which provides personalized diabetes care using CDEs. Diabetes Coaches can speak to a patient on a pay-per-call basis or via a monthly plan.
Premixed insulin products contain both a basal and prandial component, allowing coverage of both basal and prandial needs with a single injection. NPH/Regular 70/30 insulin, for example, is composed of 70% NPH insulin and 30% regular insulin. The use of premixed insulin products has its advantages and disadvantages, as discussed below in combination injectable therapy.
Jump up ^ Horio H, Ohtsuru M (2001). “Maitake (Grifola frondosa) improve glucose tolerance of experimental diabetic rats”. Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology. 47 (1): 57–63. doi:10.3177/jnsv.47.57. PMID 11349892.
An implantable device that could protect beta cells in the pancreas has been designed and tested on mice. Researchers found that the device protected a mouse’s pancreatic beta cells from being attacked by the immune system for up to 6 months.
Eating to control your blood sugar? Diabetes symptoms can grow worse with inattention to your diet, whether you’re eating out or dining in. Learn what foods are best Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, and discover some meal plans that can help you take control of your blood levels.