“diabetes mellitus concept map”

A registered dietitian can help you put together a meal plan that fits your health goals, food preferences and lifestyle. He or she can also teach you how to monitor your carbohydrate intake and let you know about how many carbohydrates you need to eat with your meals and snacks to keep your blood sugar levels more stable.

Joslin Diabetes Center & Joslin Clinic. Clinical Guideline for Pharmacological Management of Adults with Type 2 Diabetes. October 2016. Accessed April 4, 2016 at http://www.joslin.org/Pharma_Guidelines_10082016.pdf

So this is the quick start guide for reversing your type 2 diabetes. … is almost always reversible and this is almost ridiculously easy to prove. … But only diet and lifestyle changes willreverse …. You can’t use drugs to cure a dietary disease. …. I fast 16/8 and keep my carbs to 25 net, my protein is between …

Stay active. When you are active, your body uses sugar. You can use activity to help lower your blood sugar and manage your diabetes. Exercise also can help you lose weight and stay at a healthy weight.

This disorder occurs when the adrenal gland produces a higher amount of male hormones. Signs of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) include irregular periods, weight gain, acne, and depression. It can also cause infertility and a type of insulin resistance. This results in elevated blood sugar levels and increases the risk of developing diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile diabetes, is an autoimmune condition in which the body does not produce insulin because the body’s immune system attacks insulin-producing cells from the pancreas called beta cells.

Men who have type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to have low testosterone (low-T) than men who do not have diabetes. Because of the low levels of the hormone testosterone, men with diabetes can have unhealthy symptoms that are not seen in women with diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms often develop over several years and can go on for a long time without being noticed (sometimes there aren’t any noticeable symptoms at all). Type 2 diabetes usually starts when you’re an adult, though more and more children, teens, and young adults are developing it. Because symptoms are hard to spot, it’s important to know the risk factors for type 2 diabetes and visit your doctor if you have any of them.

Increased ketones in your urine (diabetic ketoacidosis). If your cells are starved for energy, your body may begin to break down fat. This produces toxic acids known as ketones. Watch for loss of appetite, weakness, vomiting, fever, stomach pain and a sweet, fruity breath. You can check your urine for excess ketones with an over-the-counter ketones test kit. If you have excess ketones in your urine, consult your doctor right away or seek emergency care. This condition is more common in people with type 1 diabetes.

Jump up ^ Clarke WL, Cox DJ, Gonder-Frederick LA, Kovatchev B (1999). “Hypoglycemia and the Decision to Drive a Motor Vehicle by Persons With Diabetes”. JAMA. 282 (8): 750–54. doi:10.1001/jama.282.8.750. PMID 10463710.

Self assessment quizzes are available for topics covered in this website. To find out how much you have learned about  Diabetes Complications, take our self assessment quiz when you have completed this section.  The quiz is multiple choice. Please choose the single best answer to each question. At the end of the quiz, your score will display. If your score is over 70% correct, you are doing very well. If your score is less than 70%, you can return to this section and review the information.

Always bring a list of medical problems, medications, nutritional supplements, allergies to medications, and the person’s blood sugar diary to the emergency department. This information will help the emergency care professional diagnose the problem and treat it appropriately.

Heart disease and heart attacks can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle with diet, exercise, and stress management. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include chest discomfort and pain in the shoulder, neck, jaw, stomach, or back. Women experience the same symptoms as men; however, they also may experience:

During September 2014, FDA approved dulaglutide as an injectable monotherapy for adults with type 2 diabetes. Liraglutide, albiglutide, and dulaglutide are all GLP-1 receptor agonists and share similar side effect profiles. Dulaglutide improved HbA1c level in 6 clinical trials involving over 3,300 participants with type 2 diabetes. Dulaglutide has been studied as monotherapy and in combination with metformin, sulfonylurea, thiazolidinedione, or prandial insulin.

One thought on ““diabetes mellitus concept map””

  1. Whether you’re at risk, prediabetic or following a diabetic diet as suggested by your doctor, a few simple strategies can help control blood sugar and potentially reverse the disease entirely. Plus, implementing just a few of these dietary changes can have other beneficial effects like weight loss, all without sacrificing flavor or feeling deprived.
    Oftentimes, type 2 diabetes can be reversed in less than One Month. … between type 1 and type 2 diabetes and differences in treatment. … When buying dairy, just purchase raw and organic from pasture raised animals. … You can do this on a spin bike with intervals or you can try burst training in the house.
    ^ Jump up to: a b c Vos T, Flaxman AD, Naghavi M, Lozano R, Michaud C, Ezzati M, Shibuya K, Salomon JA, Abdalla S, Aboyans V, et al. (15 December 2012). “Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010”. Lancet. 380 (9859): 2163–96. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61729-2. PMID 23245607.
    © 2018 by Joslin Diabetes Center. All rights reserved. All materials contained on this site are protected by United States copyright law and may be used for personal, noncommercial use only. For permission for other use call 617-226-5815. You may not alter or remove any trademark, copyright or other notice from copies of the content.
    One serving in a category is called a “choice.” A food choice has about the same amount of carbohydrates, protein, fat and calories — and the same effect on your blood glucose — as a serving of every other food in that same category. So, for example, you could choose to eat half of a large ear of corn or 1/3 cup of cooked pasta for one starch choice.

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